# Sandbox for Proposed Challenges

This "sandbox" is a place where Code Golf users can get feedback on prospective challenges they wish to post to main. This is useful because writing a clear and fully specified challenge on your first try can be difficult, and there is a much better chance of your challenge being well received if you post it in the sandbox first.

Sandbox FAQ

## Posting

Write your challenge just as you would when actually posting it, though you can optionally add a title at the top. You may also add some notes about specific things you would like to clarify before posting it. Other users will help you improve your challenge by rating and discussing it.

When you think your challenge is ready for the public, go ahead and post it, and replace the post here with a link to the challenge and delete the sandbox post.

## Discussion

The purpose of the sandbox is to give and receive feedback on posts. If you want to, feel free to give feedback to any posts you see here. Important things to comment about can include:

• Parts of the challenge you found unclear
• Problems that could make the challenge uninteresting or unfit for the site

You don't need any qualifications to review sandbox posts. The target audience of most of these challenges is code golfers like you, so anything you find unclear will probably be unclear to others.

If you think one of your posts requires more feedback, but it's been ignored, you can ask for feedback in The Nineteenth Byte. It's not only allowed, but highly recommended! Be patient and try not to nag people though, you might have to ask multiple times.

It is recommended to leave your posts in the sandbox for at least several days, and until it receives upvotes and any feedback has been addressed.

## Other

Search the sandbox / Browse your pending proposals

The sandbox works best if you sort posts by active.

To add an inline tag to a proposal, use shortcut link syntax with a prefix: [tag:king-of-the-hill]. To search for posts with a certain tag, include the name in quotes: "king-of-the-hill".

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# Create a "Transpiler"

for the purpose of this challenge, a transpiler is any program that takes valid source code from one language as input and produces a program valid in another language that performs the same actions. Calling the original languages interpreter is not banned.

Here's an example post:

# Shell to Ruby in Ruby; 41 bytes

puts'bash #{Data}
__END__


Here we use the somewhat obscure Data constant to embed arbitrary data in the program. this has the advantage of never having to escape anything.

Each "triple" of source, destination, and working language represents its own category, as this challenge varies greatly in difficulty depending on the languages used.

• What is the winning criterion? Are there requirements for the languages used? Nov 6, 2020 at 23:09
• @RedwolfPrograms lowest byte count, as usual. I guess no strict subsets as well, so you can't say cat is a sh to bash transpiler Nov 6, 2020 at 23:24
• How would this be consistently graded? I don't get how this is fair to all answers. Nov 7, 2020 at 3:35
• Is g++ a C++ to x86 assembly transpiler? "this challenge varies greatly in difficulty depending on the languages used" I'd say it varies in difficulty way too much. Nov 7, 2020 at 7:08
• @thedefault. Yes, but it's far from trivial. As for variation, like I said, each "triple" of languages forms it's own category. If it's necessary to have 1 winner, I guess it could be popularity-contest. Nov 8, 2020 at 21:35

## I have the following code. Help me make it code shorter.

new Promise(r=>r(URL.createObjectURL(new Blob(['<h1>Example</h1>'],{type:'text/html'})))).then(u=>open(u)&&setTimeout(t=>URL.revokeObjectURL(u),2e3))


### The Catch:

• This has to be in JavaScript
• It cannot contain semicolons
• It must be a "one-liner"
• It must have the same steps as the code above:
1. Create a blob URL from a blob
2. Open a browser window of the blob URL
3. Revoke the blob URL

### Extras

• The winner will be decided by the shortest amount of bytes
• If you try this in another language, you will still get an upvote

# Most digits of Pi in a hundred bytes

• It's likely possible to output infinitely many. Jan 19, 2021 at 3:09
• @thedefault. how? Jan 20, 2021 at 0:46
• By using one of the many known formulas for pi. And if you do not use a formula for pi, you're compressing random digits (it's possible to store around 240 digits like this). codegolf.stackexchange.com/q/47808 has multiple answers below 100 bytes. Jan 20, 2021 at 1:52

# Reinvent math

The task is simple. Define the basic operators (+, -, *, /) without using them directly.

Also banned:

• any add-assign (+=) and its equivalents
• basically anything intended to be used as a basic arithmetic operation

Program should consist of at least 4 binary functions, one for each operation. they may call other functions defined in your program, including each other. The types of the arguments to the function may be any types that the basic arithmetic operators work on, except for types that are less than 3 bits in size.

Shortest code wins

• Thank you for using the sandbox. Have you considered stating the required argument domain? And how should one answer? Using for functions/programs with the total length being the score? Can the four share code?
Feb 8, 2021 at 19:35
• Also, what does "using them directly" mean? Does that mean we can't use those four symbols or their equivalents in whatever language we use? And do we implement them for integers or floating-point numbers?
– user
Feb 8, 2021 at 19:43
• If our language allows e.g. using _plus_ instead of +, is that allowed?
Feb 8, 2021 at 19:45
• @user I feel like it it's fairly clear what "using them directly" means. I can't really think of an alternative interpretation. Any numeric type which the basic operators work on will do. For most c-derived languages, this will be floats and ints. Feb 8, 2021 at 19:54
• @binarycat It's not clear to me - I can't tell if you're talking about those four specific symbols or the equivalent operators in the answer's language (if there is an equivalent operator). Also, could you add to the draft that any numeric type will do?
– user
Feb 8, 2021 at 19:57
• Are we allowed to use the basic operators in each others' definitions, e.g. plus(x,y)=x--y?
Feb 8, 2021 at 20:15
• @Adám Ideally, the operator will behave the same as the builtin, but if that's not possible due to restrictions in the language, that's ok. Also, no _plus_ wouln't be allowed. That is still using the basic operator of addition. Feb 8, 2021 at 20:19
• @binarycat OK, that's useful information (i.e. it should be included in the challenge specification).
Feb 8, 2021 at 20:29
• Are we allowed to use the corresponding operations in a different language than the one we're answering in, i.e. to call out?
Feb 8, 2021 at 20:31
• Pro-tip: I note that you have never posted any challenges. restricted-source challenges are notoriously difficult to get right. I'm not saying this is a bad challenge, not at all, but I highly recommend posting a few well-received standard code-golf challenges before attempting a restricted-source one.
Feb 8, 2021 at 20:33
• @Adám the post has been updated to reflect the fact that the answer is no Feb 8, 2021 at 20:34
• @Adám It's really not restricted source, just the "no using a builtin that does exactly what the challange says" loophole. Feb 8, 2021 at 20:36
• This is a textbook example of a "do X without Y" challenge and simply isn't considered interesting on this site. Feb 8, 2021 at 20:48
• @binarycat You seem very convinced that this isn't do-X-without-Y. I'd be very interested in hearing why you think so, especially considering that your text literally says "Define [=do] the basic operators (+, -, *, /) [=X] without using them directly [=Y]."
Feb 8, 2021 at 21:47
• Essentially a duplicate of Add without addition, as the same techniques can be used to define all four operators. Feb 8, 2021 at 22:54

Challenge is very simple, you have to get a string as input and then launch the default web browser, and search for that string in Google.

Input string will have only characters a-zA-Z

Google search URL is google.com/search?q=querystring

Standard loopholes apply, Internet connection allowed, but only to google.com domain

Tags: ,

Author note: challenge title sucks, please improve it!

• I suspect on many (older) systems the notion of a default browser does not exist. In addition, I think there are many other escape characters. Of course, you could allow the answers to fail - but without the encoding requirements this is probably a dupe of some old basic internet challenge. Feb 20, 2021 at 18:08
• Also, %20 is not the right escape sequence for a + Feb 20, 2021 at 19:00
• @FryAmTheEggman The first one is not really an issue, if the programming language doesn't have the thing then it can't have an answer. Feb 24, 2021 at 3:55
• For the challenge: it's best to specify which characters might appear in the input. Feb 24, 2021 at 3:56
• @FryAmTheEggman,user202729 edited, now input will only have a-zA-Z Feb 24, 2021 at 17:30
• Most languages can't launch a browser. Also, there are dozens like this already, Feb 25, 2021 at 4:04
• Sorry, I missed your edit earlier. I think if you want to go ahead with this you need to define what the "default browser" is, and what to do if it isn't present. Depending on how you define it, this may not be a dupe, but I imagine you will have some trouble with different systems defining it differently. Mar 3, 2021 at 19:03

# Reverse error quine

Based on this

Write a quine that prints it own source code in reverse, but to STDERR.

Penalties

• +200 using other files I.E. reverse.txt
• +150 internet usage
• +100 reading own source code

Rules

• Minimum length of source is 2 bytes

• Standard loopholes apply

, shortest code wins

• As a reverse error quine, it will probably just be basically the same as a plain error quine, but with the creative solutions using syntax errors not valid. The things with penalties should probablly just be disallowed or someone will just do sh, 6 bytes + 20 penalty, tac $0. You can also add [tag:quine] Feb 24, 2021 at 17:45 • But thanks for using the sandbox! Feb 24, 2021 at 17:46 • Why the rule No palindromes? Aside from Stack Cats, there are pretty much no languages that print a palindromic error. Feb 25, 2021 at 4:07 • Changed the rules: 1) Increased penalty (None will not now dare to read own source code) 2) Palindromes allowed 3) Added the tag quine – user101036 Feb 25, 2021 at 7:45 • Penalty in code golf is discouraged by itself, just like bonuses. Accessing the internet/other files/the source file itself to get the desired output is already considered a standard loophole, so you should just say they're not allowed, and remove the penalties altogether. Feb 25, 2021 at 8:06 • Also, another thing to avoid: using old challenges as a model. Feb 25, 2021 at 8:11 # “Simple” Programming Homework Your friend has been caught sleeping in class again! As punishment, his computer science teacher has assigned him homework, knowing that he will not be able to solve it due to not having paid any attention. The assignment seems deceiving simple at first; all that is required is to output the string: John Doe Unfortunately, the teacher is intent on making the simple assignment much more difficult. Since your friend was not listening when the teacher explained the concept of strings and numbers, the teacher forbids him from using any number character (0-9) or the quotes (", ', ). Can you help your friend solve this problem with the shortest code possible, and save his computer science grade in the process? Try to find the shortest code in each language! Note: it is encouraged to try to solve this problem in languages where string/character literals exist but cannot be used due to the restrictions (most mainstream languages are like this, e.g. C++). • Better leaving it here for a while (and ask in chat often) to see if people mostly agree that what "literal" means is obvious. (see, bash have echo John Doe and BF has +++something+++., and most languages doesn't have a formal specification to define English names for the components of the language) Feb 27, 2021 at 12:18 • Other than that (huge) point it is clear enough. [please review other sandbox posts] Feb 27, 2021 at 12:19 • @user202729 Ask which chat? Feb 27, 2021 at 22:14 • @user202729 I thought this would be interesting for most languages that do use quotes for string and character literals like C, but I do see how it might be too easy in some languages. Feb 27, 2021 at 22:54 • chat.stackexchange.com/rooms/240/the-nineteenth-byte Feb 28, 2021 at 6:13 # Geometry Dash Clone in a weird Way? Try to make a functional clone of Geometry Dash in the shortest time. ## How GD Works. • You have a cube. In the clone, it can be as small as you want, but no bigger than 2x2. • You have to jump over spikes. The key to do this is (preferably) the up arrow key, but can be any option you want (simply tell me in your answer what key is it. • If you touch the spikes, the screen says "Game Over." and exits in 3 seconds. • There are blocks! You can jump on them, but touching them from the left side results in the same thing that happens if you touch the spikes. • A song plays in the background. How you do this is up to you. ## Rules: 1. 3 Extra points for working forwards and backwards. 2. Must have the letter a 5-7 times and no q at all! 3. Allows ascii art type output and text input (standard input)! ## Sandbox Questions How is this even going to work? • Welcome to codegolf! I don’t really recommand to compare how fast submit time after question release, since there maybe someone out there already holding an answer, and it also really timezone dependent. – okie Dec 2, 2021 at 5:41 • But it could be one of the code-golf problem, and allowing ascii art type output and text input (standard input) could allow more language to compete. – okie Dec 2, 2021 at 5:42 • also the flawless limit is kinda weird, extra point for certain language is not suggested, if you still want to give extra point, you may want to say how much extra point is. – okie Dec 2, 2021 at 5:48 # Get Floor of N ^ (3 / 2) Your task is very simple: Get The Floor of N ^ (3 / 2) OEIS This is Code Golf so the winner wins ## Test Cases 0 => 0 1 => 1 2 => 2 3 => 5 4 => 8 5 => 11 10 => 31 13 => 46 27 => 140 33 => 189 49 => 343 68 => 560 89 => 839 98 => 970 100 => 1000 136 => 1586 256 => 4096 500 => 11180 147385 => 56582212  # Meta • Any feedback? # Who Loses The number guessing game? You are playing a number guessing game. You know everyone's guesses, and who won, and want to figure out who was in last place. ## Task Your task is to take a dictionary of guesses as input, along with the name of the winner. You should then return the name of the player whose guess was the farthest from the winner's, or if there are multiple, the lowest. A input: [{"Joe": 800, "Mama": 1000, "Biden": 1200}, "Joe"]  Means that the aproxximate score winner is Joe, The next is Mama, Mama is greater than Joe and Mama is greater than Biden. So the loser is Biden. All guesses are guaranteed to be unique ## Test cases [{"A": 100, "B": 200, "C": 300}, "A"] => "C" [{"Hello": 200, "World": 201}, "World"] => "Hello" [{"Blah": 210, "Bruh": 984, "Boo": 314}, "Boo"] => "Bruh" [{"A": 6, "B": 7, "C": 666, "D": 1000}, "C"] => "A" [{"AC": 100, "BE": 200, "CE": 300}, "B"] => "CE"  # Meta • Any feedback? • Dupe? • What's the point of having this weird input format? Why not just take and return indices? Jan 23 at 10:36 # Convert decimal to unary in fewest regex codes code-challengeregular-expression Your task is to Convert decimal to undary in fewest regex codes Every regex code is substitution mode. The regex code counts the regex code, without test string and Substitution code A example ^2, |11 ^3, |111 ^4, |1111 ... \|, <empty>  This scores infinity, But don't try this. ## Rules • Your score is always non-infinity • Any flavor is allowed. • Your score is the number of regex codes • every length of regex code is non-infinite # Meta • Any feedback? • Can you add an explanation of what exactly a "regex code" is? Jan 23 at 17:30 # Nth Eights Challenge ## Inputs: There are 2 inputs: The amount of eights to be used in the calculation, and the number to solve for. ## What to solve: The program needs to insert operators in between each eight, so when the newly created equation is calculated, the answer is the number that was trying to be solved for. When the equation is calculated, there is no operator priority. ## Rules: The only operators allowed are: + - * / (And parentheses)  You may insert multiple operators between each number. No extra numbers are allowed. There must be an operator inserted in between each 8. The answer must be displayed when the program finishes. ## Examples: #User inputs Amount of eights: 4 Solve for: 15 #Answer 8+8-8/8  #User inputs Amount of eights: 4 Solve for: 10 #Answer (8+8)/8+8  ## Winning Criteria: The winning criteria is for the program written in the least amount of characters. • 0. What is winning criteria for this question? Code-golf or fastest code? 1. What operators are allowed? May I insert multiple operators between two 8s or may concatenation two 8s without any operator? 2. Is operator priority considered? 3. How fast should it be? Define by time usage on specified (batch of) testcases? Or defined by algorithm time complexity? 4. Language specified challenges are generally unwelcome on this site. – tsh Jan 27 at 8:56 • Jan 29 at 1:35 • Do you mean "characters" or "bytes"? Jan 31 at 12:46 # Get the Nth line ## Challenge Let's have a file f and a number n. Your task is to get the nth line from the file. ## Constrains • file f exists and has at least n lines • you can index lines from 0 or 1, whichever you prefer ## Example • input: n = 2 (indexing from 1) and content of file f is: foo bar baz  • output: bar ## Rules • this is code-golf challenge, so the shortest code wins • standard rules apply for your answer with default I/O rules, so you are allowed to use stdin/stdout, functions/method with the proper parameters and return-type, full programs • default Loopholes are forbidden. • I thought the entire point of this sandbox was to get feedback. Down-votes without any comment is the complete opposite. Feb 18 at 15:28 • I think the downvotes here are just because it's not a very interesting challenge. There are no comments because there's nothing actually wrong with your post, so no feedback to really give, but people just don't think it's interesting for code-golf. You could post it and I don't think it would get closed or anything, but it wouldn't get many upvotes. Thank you for using the sandbox nonetheless. Feb 19 at 9:35 # Knight mover Your task is to move a chess knight between the points B and E. A chess knight moves in an L shaped pattern, like so: .X.X. X...X ..B.. X...X .X.X.  The Xs mark where the knight in position B can move. There may be other chess pieces on the board, blocking the knight's movement, but for clarity, you will only be notified of where you cannot go by # characters. You cannot land on these marked spaces, but you can go over them. You also cannot go outside of the board. Your goal is to find how many turns N are needed to go from B to E, or return -1 if it can't be done. ## Input & Output • You are given 2 integers W and H giving the width and height of the board • For the next H lines, you are given a row of the board, containing the characters B, E, . and # • You are allowed to take in the input as a WxH board as a list of strings or a character matrix ## Test case 3 2 ..E B.. -> 1 5 5 B...E ..#.. ..... ..... ..... -> 4 7 5 B..###. ####.## ...###E ..#.#.# .#..#.. -> 4 8 8 ....#... ....##.. ..E..#.. #...##.. .###.... ........ ........ .....B.. -> 6  This is code-golf, so shortest code wins! Credits to this puzzle # Game of GO Go is an abstract strategy board game for two players, in which the aim is to surround more territory than the opponent. Given a board (where some stones are already added) and a list of moves to be executed next, check whether the moves are valid and (if they are valid) execute them. After executing all moves in the list the expected output is either not valid if at least one of the moves is invalid, or the new state of the board after all moves were executed. Rules of Go: • Two players place stones of their color (by turns) • If a stone is completely surrounded by stones of the other player (or by the edge of the field) this stone is beaten and is removed from the board • If stones of the same color are placed next to each other they build a group • If the group is completely surrounded by stones of the other player (or by the edge of the fields) this group is beaten and all of its stones are removed from the board • A stone can be placed on every free field on the board except for: A position in which it would be completely surrounded by the stones of the other player (no suicidal moves allowed). Except this move beats some other stones which leads to it not being surrounded anymore A position that would create the same board that was there before the other player made his move (to prevent an infinite loop of killing stones) which is named KO-rule (see a test case for an example) • Points (which are not important for this puzzle) are made by empty fields that are surrounded by the stones of a player or by enemy stones that are beaten For a more detailed description please visit here ## Input & Output • You are first given an integer S for the size of the field (the field is a square of S×S) • You are then given an integer M for the number of moves that are to be made on the board • You are then given a line of the board where . is an empty field, B is a field with a black stone and W is a field with a white stone on it (each line contains S characters) for the next S lines • You are then given a move that is described by the player color, and the position (separated by a space character) • Output the expected output, else output any character you want • You are allowed to output the board as a matrix/list • You may assume the initial board state in the input is always valid • You are allowed to take in the input as a list/array of lines and moves ## Testcases 5 5 ..... ..... ..... ..... ..... B 2 2 W 2 3 B 3 2 W 3 4 B 4 3 -> ..... ..... ..BW. ..B.W ...B. 5 7 BB... B.... ..... ...W. ..... B 3 2 W 0 2 B 3 4 W 2 0 B 2 3 W 1 1 B 4 3 -> ..W.. .W... W..B. ..B.B ...B. 5 1 ..... ..... ..B.. ..... ..... B 2 2 -> 0 5 5 .BW.. BW... .W... ..... ..... B 3 4 W 4 4 B 3 3 W 2 0 B 0 0 -> 0 5 3 ..B.. .B.B. .WBW. .BW.. ..... B 3 3 W 1 2 B 2 2 -> 0 5 7 .B... BW... WB..W ...W. ...BW B 3 4 W 0 2 B 0 3 W 0 0 B 1 2 W 0 1 B 1 0 -> ...B. B.B.. WB..W ...WB ...B.  This is code-golf, so shortest code wins! Credits to this puzzle # Beaker drawing Your task is to output the following beaker with the volume n: _ % % % % % % % % % % %%%%%%%%%  You are the fill n spaces of the beaker above, so n=5 looks like this _ % % % % % % % % %----- % %%%%%%%%%  Even though this defies the law of physics, you are to output the beaker with the liquid of n volume. The volume of the beaker is 35. The first 4 layers have a volume of 7 and the top has a layer of 6, and the _ represents an additional volume of 1 if the beaker overspills. ## Test cases 34 -> _ %------% %-------% %-------% %-------% %-------% %%%%%%%%% 35 -> - %------% %-------% %-------% %-------% %-------% %%%%%%%%% (Note the _ becomes a -) 15 -> _ % % % % %- % %-------% %-------% %%%%%%%%%  You may assume n is positive (can be 0) You may assume the beaker can overspill You may perform the "flood fill" from left to right bottom to top or right to left bottom to top. This is code-golf, so shortest code wins! # Play an audio file code-golfaudio # Challenge Your challenge is simple: play an audio file at a given path. Your program will take the file path as input and will play it once and quit. To make this harder, however, you are not allowed to use external libraries, but modules that are part of your language's standard library (such as ctypes below) are allowed. # Rules • Standard loopholes are forbidden. • You may assume (a) specific operating system(s) and/or (a) specific file format(s). • You may assume an absolute path. • You do not have to hear the sound every time; you are not expected to unmute muted speakers, and you can play through whichever audio device is the most convenient. However, it must be possible to hear it every time you run it with certain settings. A window such as Control Panel -> Sound -> Playback on Windows must always be able to "show" the sound being played under at least one audio device. You are allowed to play the file under a different device each run. • Your program must be able to play at least one of the audio file formats listed on Wikipedia. Other formats are allowed, as long as one of the formats listed there is supported. • Outputting any content to any stream, file, etc. is allowed, but the sound must be played. • Please explain your answer. This is not necessary, but it makes it easier for others to understand. • Languages newer than the question are allowed. This means you could create your own language where it would be trivial to do this, but don't expect any upvotes. • This is , so shortest code in bytes wins! # Reference implementaion (ungolfed, Python 3, Windows only, .wav only) # -*- coding: utf_8 -*- from ctypes import windll winmm = windll.winmm audio_file = input('Audio file path: ').encode('utf_8') winmm.PlaySound(audio_file, 0, 131072)  # Golfed reference implementation import ctypes;ctypes.windll.winmm.PlaySoundW(input(),0,131072)  • "To make this harder, however, you are not allowed to use external libraries."...and then you use a library in the reference implementation? Feb 25 at 19:29 • Does "external libraries" mean libraries not coming with the standard library of the language of choice, or all libraries for that language? Feb 25 at 19:34 • I said external libraries, not libraries in general. ctypes is built-in, so it's not an external library. Feb 25 at 19:35 • @Makonede But winmm is not built-in. Feb 26 at 0:51 • @wizzwizz4 It is in Windows. Feb 26 at 1:20 • @Makonede “External libraries” is unclear, then. External to what? Can I make raw calls to the hardware interface, and say that those particular drivers are part of my operating system and so not external? etc, etc.. We already have rules and conventions about all of this; trying to forbid “external libraries” won't make it more fun. Feb 26 at 1:28 # Visualize tag progress Task is pretty simple. Given non-negative positive integers 0 ≤ s ≤ 1000 and 0 ≤ a ≤ 200, your code should draw following progress bars. ## Examples When s ≤ 100 or a ≤ 20: Input:15 12 Output: 15/100 score ++++++------------------------------------ 12/20 answers +++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------- Input:3 1 Output: 3/100 score +----------------------------------------- 1/20 answers ------------------------------------------ Input:85 35 Output: 85/100 score +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------- 35/20 answers ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++  When (s > 100 and a > 20) and (s ≤ 400 or a ≤ 80): Input:156 43 Output: 156/400 score ++++++++++++++++-------------------------- 43/80 answers ++++++++++++++++++++++-------------------- Input:666 66 Output: 666/400 score ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ 66/80 answers ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------  When (s > 400 and a > 80) and (s ≤ 1000 and a ≤ 200): Input:999 85 Output: 999/1000 score +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++- 85/200 answers +++++++++++++++++------------------------- Input:666 194 Output: 666/1000 score +++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------- 194/200 answers ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--  The number of +'s in each bar is equal to the value of a or s divided by its max value (max values for s are 100, 400, 1000 and for a are 20, 80, 100, the choice of max values ​​depends on the ranges in which the values ​​of a and s fall.), multiplied by 42 and rounded down. This number cannot be more than 42. The number of -'s is equal to 42 minus the number of +'s. End etc. Trailing spaces are allowed. Additional newlines are not allowed. This is a code-golf challenge so the shortest solution wins. ## Meta I realized that I myself got confused in my task :) ... so this task will be in completion until this text is deleted. • "progress bars are built according to the same rules" - what are those rules? Please describe them, so that we don't need to infer them from examples. Mar 2 at 7:14 • Why should we have to "output nothing" when s>1000 and a>100? The challenge would, in my opinion, be much better if we were allowed to assume that s<=1000 and a<=100. Mar 2 at 9:12 • Please, describe the rules governing drawing the bars. Also, "s = 666 and a = 66" appears twice with two different outputs. Mar 3 at 7:32 Your task is to create an approximation for sin(x) in the fewest characters possible. • Given the approximation s(x), it must satisfy 0.95 * sin(x) <= s(x) <= 1.05 * sin(x) The entry with the fewest characters wins. • Most languages already have a built-in for the sine function, so I think this would not be an interesting challenge at all. Also, FYI, code-golf challenges (if that is what you are going for) usually score submissions by byte count, not character count. Mar 15 at 23:01 ## Draw the Swedish coat of arms Or rather, assemble it. A coat of arms is specified not my its physical representation on Wikipedia or any other source, but by its blazon: a formal, pseudo-French listing of its components and their position. I'll explain the blazon, and it is your job to draw it out and display it. Different from many questions on this site; accessing the internet is allowed. You can load files from websites under certain conditions, and only for charges. The reasoning is that, when the blazon specifies that this shield has a yellow lion, any yellow lion is in fact equally fine. That's how it worked historically, and that's how it will work for this challenge. Blazon English A shield azure You start with a shield, coloured fully in blue. My only requirements for "shield" is that it is a square or rectangle, with the top two corners being sharp, the bottom two corners being rounded, and in the middle of the bottom there's a marked point. quartered by a cross Or with outbent arms, A cross divides this shield in four sections. The cross should be yellow or gold, and the arms should get wider as you get farther from the center. Those arms should reach the edges of the shield but not visibly exceed it. an inescutcheon containing the dynastic arms of the Royal House. A smaller shield goes on top of it all. We'll get to that. In the first and fourth fields three open crowns Or, placed two above one. The top-left and bottom-right quarters of the large shield contain three identical yellow/golden open crowns (a crown leaving the top of the head bare, with no hoops or cap); placed so that two of them are side by side above the third, which is horizontally centered between the two. In the second and third fields In the top-right and bottom left quarters... three sinisterbendwise streams argent, The background should contain three parallel wavy lines that go from top-right to bottom left; they should be white/silver/grey. The lines should be roughly evenly arranged, i.e. not on top of each other. a lion crowned with an open crown Or armed gules. Atop that background goes a yellow/golden lion, wearing a yellow/golden open crown, and the lion should have red nails. The inescutcheon Now we get to the smaller shield on top of it all... is party per pale Divided horizontally in two the arms for the House of Vasa In the left half you have: (Bendwise azure, argent and gules A background diagonally (top-left to bottom-right) divided in three sections, top-to-bottom blue, white/silver/grey, red; a vasa Or); atop that is a yellow/golden vasa which is a sheaf of bundled straw. and the House of Bernadotte In the right half, you have: (Azure, Blue background; issuant from a wavy base a bridge with three arches and two towers embattled argent, The bottom part should be "wavy", e.g. resemble a water surface (with no specifications for colour). From the water (or from behind the water) there's a white/grey/silver bridge that must have three arches, two towers, and crenellations. in honor point Above that bridge: an eagle regardant with wings inverted resting on thunderbolts Or, A heraldic eagle looking to the objective left, to the eagle's right. The wings should be pointed down. Below its feet should be some depiction of thunderbolts. All of this in gold/yellow. and in chief the Big Dipper constellation of the same). Above the eagle, the eight stars of Big Dipper constellation, also gold/yellow. As said you can load up charges from external sources. Charges are objects that sit atop the background, like eagles, stars, crosses. Loading them follows some rules: • You cannot load multiple charges at once; so the thunderbolts, eagle, and Big Dipper should all be separate objects (you can however load the eight stars of Big Dipper as one object; and you don't have to load up the lion's red nails separately from the lion). • Any added images can be whatever format you want; jpg, svg, animated gifs... • Charges having a transparent background is encouraged but not required; what is required is that every element be clearly identifiable, including background colours/patterns. • Files can be loaded from any website not hosted by yourself (or by your friend for that matter). • Using url shorteners is not allowed. Of course drawing them yourself is also allowed. There's no requirement for using any specific exact colours either; as long as the colours you use are recognisable under the English names I gave. Finally, charges should not bleed out of their shields/quarters or overlap one another where not specified. As in the example, the small shield is allowed to overlap the background elements slightly. Output should be at least 400 pixels wide. ### Sandbox I am unsure what scoring criterion to use. is my go-to but I want to reward shields that look recognisable, specifically that are creative. Would work? • Downvoters, I would really appreciate if you could give me some indication as to what is wrong with what I wrote. Apr 29 at 8:11 • If you make this into a challenge such as [code-golf], the coat of arms is far too complex to yield any interesting answers - most answers will simply be a very long list of instructions to draw it. You could make it a popularity contest, but "do this thing but creatively" generally don't produce good pop-cons, as the first person to just faithfully reproduce the coat of arms is likely to win Apr 30 at 15:35 # Longest Possible Pythagorean Triple Triangle A Pythagorean triple is a set of 3 integers $$\\{a, b, c\}\$$ where $$\a^2 + b^2 = c^2\$$. Your task is to, given an integer $$\n\$$ where $$\3 ≤ n ≤ 15\$$, output a Pythagorean triple using these rules: • If $$\n\$$ is odd, output $$\\{n, \frac{n^2-1}{2}, \frac{n^2+1}{2}\}\$$. • If $$\n\$$ is even, output $$\\{n, \frac{n^2}{4}-1, \frac{n^2}{4}+1\}\$$. With these rules, the difference between the lengths of the longest leg and the hypotenuse is minimized. ## Rules ## Test cases Input | Output ------+------- 3 | 3 4 5 4 | 4 3 5 5 | 5 12 13 6 | 6 8 10 7 | 7 24 25 8 | 8 15 17 9 | 9 40 41 10 | 10 24 26 11 | 11 60 61 12 | 12 35 37 13 | 13 84 85 14 | 14 48 50 15 | 15 112 113  See A055523 and A055524. # Repeat Hello World according to another string's length • I think arbitrarily overriding the scoring defaults is not very well received... Jul 25 at 18:14 • Which part? The "This is code-golf, so shortest answer wins!"? I've seen it in many questions, so I thought I would have to add it here. Is there a problem with it, or were you talking about something else in the question? Jul 26 at 5:37 • "Please write how many bytes it is in UTF-8". A lot of languages have ther own scoring systems Jul 26 at 14:57 • So what you are suggesting is to remove the UTF-8 option? Jul 29 at 9:53 • Alright then. I've added it. Jul 29 at 9:56 # Output the number of lines of your code Your task is to write a program that counts the number of its lines of code and outputs them. Specs: • The number mustn't be hardcoded into the program, nor in any other external resource; • Internet access is forbidden; • Your program's output must be the number of lines only; • Your program should not use any tool, macro, function, or similar device designed with the specific purpose of counting lines. • I don't see much of a challenge here. wc -l$0? Feb 23, 2014 at 17:15
• It can be a nice question, but needs some work. Just add something like "it should not use any tool, macro, function, or similar device designed with the specific purpose of counting lines". Feb 24, 2014 at 2:10
• @Victor Nice point, added. Thank you :) Feb 24, 2014 at 10:10
• As long as you can read the program file, it's no challenge. E.g. print len(l for l in sys.argv[0]). But if you forbid reading the source, and forbid hard-coding the length, what's left? Feb 24, 2014 at 14:00
• @ugoren I don't see where it says it can't read its source.
– user10766
Feb 27, 2014 at 22:13
• @user2509848, It doesn't. This is why the question is easy and uninteresting. Feb 28, 2014 at 5:56
• @ugoren If you can't though, how will you tell, hardcode it?
– user10766
Feb 28, 2014 at 5:57
• @user2509848, Either way, not a good question. Feb 28, 2014 at 6:25
• This is one byte in any golfing language with implicit output: 1
– Nic
May 9, 2016 at 20:11

Here is my first attempt at a cops and robbers post (which is why I'm using the sandbox).

# Cops - Golfed recursion

You must select a language that satisfies the following criteria:

• Functions - It must be possible to create a function with any number of integer input values and a single integer output (or return) value. The function may also be a complete program in itself. (Your language may not call it a function, but that is ok)
• Arithmetic operations - The integer operations +-*/% should all be possible, either in a simple or a complicated manner.
• Data - You should be able to store one-byte or two-byte long integers (either signed or unsigned will do). You may do this also in an indirect manner.
• Iteration - You must be able to create a loop that will keep running until a condition is satisfied. Therefore < > = <= >= ! & | should also be supported, either directly or indirectly.
• Recursion - You should be able to call a function from within the function itself with a set of input values calculated by the main function.
• Declaration - You should be able to declare new integer variables as needed from within the function.

You need to create a recursive function. Code will be scored by the number of characters in it, the shorter the better. A solved code cannot win the challenge. A post with less than 5 up-votes cannot win the challenge. There will be no overall winner, but a separate winner for each language.

# Robbers - Golfed recursion

Your objective is to pick up a cop's post, and write a function in the same language but it should not use any recursion (can use iteration). The function may create any number of variables, loops, etc. but should be able to achieve the exact same end result (atleast, in theory) as the cop's one.

Your score will be the same as the cop's post's score at the time it was solved. His/her post is now invalid, and you get his/her score

• I don't understand how a cop can write an answer that isn't going to be cracked, unless the language of choice can only loop via recursion (which I think you're trying to rule out by requiring that "iteration" must be possible). Also, requiring 5 votes to be a winner is only encouraging tactical voting. Answers that are actually invalid will likely get downvoted and deleted anyway. Feb 10, 2016 at 12:36
• @MartinBüttner Maybe in some languages it is possible by exploiting both closure and recursion, but I mainly agree with your point: recursion and iteration are two ways to do the same thing. Feb 10, 2016 at 12:41

Your task is to create a program that outputs a random pizza recipe following this one rule:

No random number choosers, you may have random text choosers. All standard code-golf rules apply. A sample output:

A simple PEPPARONI pizza sprinkled with fish and sausages. Your program must have the following items:

• Anchovies
• Fish
• An adjective for the pizza

The program written with the shortest code wins.

# Winner

The winner shall be picked on April 3rd, 12AM on the time zone GMT+3.

• I already had an answer to the question, albeit non-competing: Python3 print("Have a plain MARGHERITA without any",["fish.","anchovies."][len(input("What's your favourite pizza? "))%2]) Mar 31, 2016 at 12:41
• Uh, this has a lot of problems with clarity. First, all "random text choosers" are implemented with "random number choosers" which makes this restriction feel a bit bizarre. Second, what counts as an adjective for pizza? And since this is code golf, people will always pick the shortest available. And third, what should an output look like? It's not clear from the spec. Also, sort of unrelated, but usually putting a time limit is unnecessary, even extremely popular challenges stop getting responses with any frequency after a month or so. Mar 31, 2016 at 12:59
• Did you misspell it on purpose? Mar 31, 2016 at 13:55

What about one question on numeric solve?

Write one function that gets as one argument one function f(x), and one interval a..b and return the list of all element v such f(v)=0 in the interval a..b. In the interval a..b the f must be definite and can not be f(r) = +oo for r in a..b.

Win the one write the function with biggest set of right results. If two have the same set, win the one has less characters. You can not use solve() or nsolve() or fsolve() or one already written function that your sys offer that finds numerical x in f(x)=0

• Finding all zeros of an arbitrary function is impossible unless the domain is restricted.
– user45941
Nov 29, 2016 at 8:59
• Ok you are right
– user58988
Nov 30, 2016 at 10:04
• The edit doesn't do anything to fix the problem. Nov 30, 2016 at 14:48
• The bigger problem is that this post is incomprehensible.
– user45941
Dec 2, 2016 at 8:54

# Beep. Boop. Maggot? code-golf

1. Read input from STDIN until enter is pressed.
2. If the input is "Beep", continue.
3. Otherwise, print "Wrong!" and exit.
4. Repeat steps one to three with "Boop" instead.
5. Execute step one.
6. If the input is "Maggot", output "Done".
• Otherwise, output "Wrong.".

Remove punctuation (?.!'"), ignore capitalization (a-zA-Z only), and strip whitespace (\t and )

Notes: You must print the text word-for-word, character-for-character. Step 3 is Wrong!, while Step 6 is Wrong.

## Hints

• Notice how boop is just beep with the o's turned into e's.
• There is lots of repetition here, but with many caveats.
• Technically speaking, step 4 should repeat steps 1-3, shouldn't it? Anyway, apart from that, I don't see anything technically wrong with the challenge, but I'm not sure it's a very good challenge.
– user62131
Jan 1, 2017 at 0:07

I believe that each language has a score. The way you find the score of a language is shown in the ungolfed Python program below

def scorer(lang):

num = 0

for i in str(lang):
num += ord(i)

return num


Basically the score is the total of the unicode values of the language name.

Now this seemed like a fairly trivial challange, so I thought I'd make it a bit more difficult. You aren't allowed to use your language name (case-sensitive) in the code. So this code in C++ would be invalid as I've used C++ in the code.

#include <iostream>

int main() {

int total = 0;
std::string s("C++");

for (char & c : s) {
total = total + (int)c;
c = '*';
}

std::cout << total;

}


Although this does output the required number (153) it is still invalid.

# Rules

• You aren't allowed to use the language name but are allowed to use it in a different case. E.g. Java isn't allowed but java is.
• This is a code-golf so shortest answer in bytes wins
• You are allowed to use hex/octal codes in strings e.g \150 can be used instead of h
• Your program must take no input or function arguments
• You cannot simply output the score. Theoretically the program should work for any language name when changed.
• Languages where the only valid syntax is the name, such as Chicken are allowed to use said name.
• Version shouldn't be included so Python is always Python not Python 2 or 3
• The score is the value of the case-sensitive name

# Correct Scores

Language              Score

ArnoldC                675
brainfuck              949
C                       67
C++                    153
Java                   386
Lua                    290
Mornington Crescent   1922
Python                 642
TrumpScript           1165
Vim                    300
`

## Sandbox Questions

1) Why has this been downvoted?

2) I am thinking about putting a reputation limitation so that bosses like Dennis and Martin Büttner can't take answers from people who aren't as accomplished. Is this unfair? Should I not?

3) Is this a duplicate? I couldn't believe it wasn't already taken.

• Terms like "you cannot use your language name" and "it must be calculated by the program" are not only unclear but will likely not be able to be made rigorous.
– Wheat Wizard Mod
Feb 5, 2017 at 14:58
• Are you suggesting that I remove those rules?
– user63571
Feb 5, 2017 at 15:00
• I don't think that the challenge is very interesting without the rules, but I don't think it is clear with them. I would suggest reworking the rules in some manner but exactly how I do not know.
– Wheat Wizard Mod
Feb 5, 2017 at 15:01
• 1. I would guess that it's mainly because it fails some of the tests in Things to avoid when writing challenges (X without Y, asking for different things in different languages, unnecessary fluff, explicitly disadvantaging certain languages, arguably one or two more), although it might also in part be because some people oppose trivial "challenges", and in part because the problems WW mentioned can't be fixed. 2. Very bad idea. 3. It's a multi-dupe: it combines two trivial tasks, each of which independently would clearly be a duplicate. Feb 6, 2017 at 9:15

# Goal

Write a program or function in a language of your choice that takes input and outputs that exact input.

# Specifications

• Your program/function should output the exact input in any reasonable way.
• Your program does not have to end after printing the input. It may end up in an infinite loop if you wish, as long as that loop doesn't output any extraneous characters.

# Winner

The winning answer will be the one that has the highest score. Voters should look for answers that use an unique way to print the input, have a special source code or use neat language features.

• Plain "do X in a creative way" popularity contests have fallen out of favour and will likely immediately get closed as being too broad or not having an objective winning criterion. Apr 4, 2017 at 18:33
• @MartinEnder: Yeah, I noticed. How do you think I should change the challenge so that it won't be closed?
– Luke
Apr 4, 2017 at 18:35
• Can't really help you there. If I knew of a good way to make popularity contests work, I'd write some myself. ;) Apr 4, 2017 at 18:39
• Probably a duplicate of codegolf.stackexchange.com/q/62230/34718 Apr 4, 2017 at 18:43
• @mbomb007: No, this is not a code-golf challenge.
– Luke
Apr 4, 2017 at 18:54