# What is the Sandbox?

This "Sandbox" is a place where Code Golf users can get feedback on prospective challenges they wish to post to the main page. This is useful because writing a clear and fully specified challenge on the first try can be difficult. There is a much better chance of your challenge being well received if you post it in the Sandbox first.

See the Sandbox FAQ for more information on how to use the Sandbox.

## Get the Sandbox Viewer to view the sandbox more easily

To add an inline tag to a proposal use shortcut link syntax with a prefix: [tag:king-of-the-hill]

• How are tags added to questions? – guest271314 Jan 9 '19 at 7:51
• @guest271314 You can use this markup to create a tag in a draft: [tag:code-golf] – DJMcMayhem Aug 29 '19 at 15:19
• Why no featured anymore? Can't we have it auto-added or something? – S.S. Anne Sep 26 '19 at 15:57
• @JL2210 We now have a permanent info box that links to the Sandbox, so the featured tag isn't necessary – caird coinheringaahing Sep 29 '19 at 13:43

# Machine Learning

If you give a downvote please say why! (otherwise how will I learn, thanks)

The task is to create a simple program that "learns"

-->The challenge is to create a program which:

(1) outputs 50 integers (1 at a time) and waits for input after each.

The input given will be 1 or 0 depending on whether the number is "good" or "bad" based on a predetermined pattern (see the pattern section for more information)

(2) The program will then output something to the effect of

<< Learning done. Ready for testing.


At which point it will wait for integer input.

(3) My script will then input 50 integers (1 at a time) and the program will read the integers and output 1 or 0 depending on whether it thinks the integer fits the pattern.

-->Types of Patterns

Patterns will be of the following types, in an unknown order

- is divisible by x (x no larger than 20)

- is greater/less than x (x no larger than 100)

- is a perfect square

- has exactly x prime divisors (x no larger than 3)

- is coprime to x (shares no common divisors with x except 1) (x no larger than 100 and not prime)

numbers above subject to change if a case is made in the comments

-->Scoring

Bots will be scored on correct answers to my script input. The score is equal to the total number of correct answers across all 5 tests. There is a max score of 250.

Since I do anticipate perfect scores, ties will be broken by golf score of the source.

Further ties will be broken by submission time.

-->Example of A Test

note: "in" is for my input. "out" is for machine output.

out<<  10
in>>   1
out<<  1901
in>>   0

... more lines like this ....

out<<  Learning Complete. Ready for Input.

in>>   12
out<<  1
in>>   87
out<<  0

... more lines like this ...


Say the machine got 47/50 correct on this test, then it currently has a score of 47. I would then proceed to test it with 4 different patterns. And sum its score on each test for its final score.

-->Rules

(1) you may not use external tables, i.e. have a library that contains table for all possible tests. However, your code may generate such tables.

(2) the bot may not exceed an average time of 2 seconds per output. This goes for both the learning and testing sections. I really don't want to have to spend over 15 minutes per test. The average is so that it can spend a bit of start-up time to generate tables if it needs to.

(3) Use of external libraries is permitted, although it should be clear that the bulk of the work is yours. (this will be determined by downvotes)

(4) Languages must have a free interpreter available. If they don't I won't be able to test them. This rules out MatLab, Mathematica, etc.

(5) other rules may be added as necessary.

• As interesting as this challenge sounds, I think you'd need a lot more than 5 test cases and 20 inputs to be able to see any sort of meaningful result. – Sp3000 Oct 6 '15 at 4:44
• Really? Why do you say that? Regardless, that shouldn't be a problem, I could write a script to test the bots. – Liam Oct 6 '15 at 4:45
• Given only 5 * 20 = 100 inputs, I'd expect there to be only a difference of a few incorrect responses between the top answers, which is small enough to be caused by chance. Also, is there any limit on the size of the programs? – Sp3000 Oct 6 '15 at 4:50
• Okay, I'll bump it up to 50 questions per test. I'll edit the scenario shortly. No, no size limit (should there be), although I think that I'll put in something to the effect of "bot must make decisions within 1 min at all steps" – Liam Oct 6 '15 at 4:52
• Mathematica is free. – LegionMammal978 Oct 24 '15 at 23:47

Mutating variable

Output
n number of lines (where n is from 10 to 30, each run is random) where each line is either (all of the lines have to be possible)

1. Array of n random chars (or String with n random characters) made out of letters only
2. random int divisible by n (by int I mean a whole number of any kind)
3. random double whose first two decimal digits is n (by double I mean an number that has decimal digits) therefore for n=12 it will have format ###.12####
4. random boolean true or false (by that I mean 1 or 0)

No two consequent lines may be same type

Another requirement is that in your code may call print (or System.out.println or whatever you use to print to screen) only once.

This is code-golf, so shortest code wins.

By random I mean use your language's built-in random number generator,

• Why the strange "may only print once" requirement? Also, for random, it might be better to use a somewhat standard definition instead of "anything you like". That's just begging for the ubiquitous xkcd/Dilbert joke of constantly using the same output. – Geobits Oct 7 '15 at 17:11
• @Geobits I edited the question to accommodate for the random suggestion you proposed. And for only one line to print. I just thought it would make task a bit harder is all, and I tried it on a few languages I know, and it did make things just a tad bit more tricky. – Quillion Oct 7 '15 at 18:38
• Just a few more comments/questions: 1) You seem to have removed the part about all lines having to be possible 2) Is there a minimum number of choices for the random string/int/double? Otherwise I could just random between n and 2n, say. – Sp3000 Oct 7 '15 at 22:35
• @Sp3000 I added requirement where all the lines have to be possible. Also what do you mean by minimum number of choices? I didn't quiteget the question you asked. – Quillion Oct 8 '15 at 13:08
• You don't specify a range for the randomness, so the easiest thing to do is probably random between two possible options for everything, e.g. between n/2n for the int, or 0.n/1.n for the double, and "aaaaaaaaa"/"bbbbbbbbb" for the string – Sp3000 Oct 8 '15 at 13:14
• @Sp3000 I thought that wherever I use word random I amply that they must use their language's random method. So if I say n random chars, I mean that every char has to be generated using the random method. How would I clarify that? – Quillion Oct 8 '15 at 14:55
• Well the problem is that this has nothing to do with a language's random method. I could use random.choice("ab") or random.choice("abcdefg") - both use the language's random, but there's more outcomes in one than the other – Sp3000 Oct 8 '15 at 15:17
• @Sp3000 so let the person use any random they like I guess. See no problem with aaaaa then bbbb and etc. As long as other requirements are met. The fun I wanted to see is printing all of those values and see the smallest amount of code. – Quillion Oct 8 '15 at 15:36
• If you're fine with that then that's okay then I guess. Was just checking – Sp3000 Oct 8 '15 at 15:42
• @Sp3000 so the question is ripe enough to post on the main site? – Quillion Oct 8 '15 at 16:23
• I think if you add the explanation for "consequent lines" back in it'd be fine. The writing could be a bit better, but at least it's not as ambiguous now. Also, if by 10-30 you mean that 10 and 30 are both possible, then it might be good to write that as "10 to 30 inclusive". – Sp3000 Oct 9 '15 at 10:29
• @Sp3000 Thanks for all your advice. I highly appreciate it! But I am leaving code golf for a while. As of late I noticed that it has become too toxic for my liking. Thanks for your help however :) – Quillion Oct 9 '15 at 12:57

# Ceylon golfer (whitespace + comment removal)

As some people might have noted, I'm answering here often using Ceylon. This is usually done first writing a "normal" program, then slimming it down using whichever tricks I find, and at the last step remove all superfluous white space (and possibly also comments)

I want to automatize the last step.

Ceylon is syntax-wise a C-like language, so this golfer might be useful also for other languages. The details might differ, though.

This is similar to Remove Whitespace from a Java Program, but not the same, as Ceylon strings are a bit more complicated.

Details

A Ceylon program is a Unicode character stream, which can be lexically analized into a series of tokens, possibly separated by whitespace. (Only ASCII white space is allowed: space, tab, form feed (FF), line feed (LF), carriage return (CR).)

That whitespace is sometimes necessary – when otherwise the two tokens would stick together and form one token, or when a comment would become longer than before (but comments are to removed, too). Other whitespace can be removed.

Lines are terminated by LF, CR or a sequence of CR LF.

We have two kinds of comments:

• Multiline comments start with /* and end with */.
• end-of-line comments start with // or #! and end with the line (i.e. at the next line terminator).

Everything which is not whitespace or a comment is part of a token.

Tokens are of these forms:

• Identifiers or keywords start with a (uppercase or lowercase) letter and then can contain letters, _ and digits. They can also start with \I or \i instead. (Examples are true, Integer, a, helloWorld, example1234, \Iexample1234.)
• Literals:

• numeric literals (decimal integer, hex integer, binary integer, formal floating point, shortcut floating point) have the form [0-9_]+[kMGTPmunpf]?|\$[01_]+|\#[0-9a-fA-F_]+|[0-9_]+\.[0-9_]+(e[+-]?[0-9]+|[kMGTPmunpf])? (where the _ is only allowed at certain places). (Maybe that can be simplified to [#$0-9][0-9a-fA-FkMGFPmunpf._]*, with the dot not being the last character. Not all such strings are valid numeric literals, but I guess you don't have to figure them all out. The details are in the specification linked above.)

• Character literals have the form ' + single character (except " or \) or escape sequence + ', where an escape sequence is either a \{ + a name or code of a character + }, or a \ followed by a single (non-{) character.

Examples: ' ', '←', 'a', '\'', '', '\{#0020}', '\{#212B}', '\n', '\{ALCHEMICAL SYMBOL FOR GOLD}', '"', '\"', '\\', '/'.

• String literals:

• A simple string literal is " + a sequence of single characters (except ", \ and  ) and escape sequences (see above) + "
• An interpolated string literal (or string template) looks like a simple string literal, but can also contain  + some non-string-code +  inside the string. (In this non-string-code the whitespace and comment removal can be applied.)
• A verbatim string literal is """ + a sequence of any characters, except """, + """. (There is no escape sequences or interpolation here.)

There is further complication with multi-line string literals, but I guess for this challenge we can assume that there are no multi-line string literals.

Examples for String literals: "", """""" (both the empty string), "Hello World!", "Escapes: \{#212B}, \{ALCHEMICAL SYMBOL FOR GOLD}", """non-interpreted Escapes: \{#212B}, \{ALCHEMICAL SYMBOL FOR GOLD}""", "some more escapes: \n, \r, \f, \t, \b, \\, \, \', \"", "punctuation: '  \" and more text", """punctuation: '  " and even single \.""",

• A lot of symbols are punctuation and operators:

 , ; ... { } ( ) [ ]  ? . ?. *. = => + - * / % ^ ** ++ -- .. : -> !
&& || ~ & | === == != < > <= >= <=> += -= /= *= %= |= &= ~= ||= &&=


The grammar is such that whitespace adjacent to one of those punctuation tokens is never relevant, so it can be removed.

Challenge

Write a program which receives as input a valid Ceylon program, and outputs the same program, with all comments and non-essential white space removed.

Whitespace is essential when without it two tokens would be one token – this applies specifically to keywords/identifiers and numeric literals. In those cases replace any string of whitespace with a single space.

(I guess there are some cases like 10else where an integer literal can be joined with a keyword, but for safety it is better to always have a space in there.)

Of course, whitespace inside a string is highly relevant, so it should not be touched.

If a removed comment was the only thing between two keywords/identifiers, make sure to put a space in there.

Open questions

• I guess I should add some example inputs and expected outputs.
• How to score this? Simply as Codegolf, assuming there will be correct answers? Or give some example programs and see which entry succeeds to make them smallest?
• I guess most Ceylon programs to be golfed will actually be ASCII only – do we allow ASCII-only solutions, while giving a bonus for proper Unicode handling (in comments, strings, identifiers)?
• Do we require full programs, or allow also functions which take+return strings (or character streams)?
• Did I simplify the grammar not enough, or too much?
• I can imagine some bonuses for finding the shortest representation of an integer of float literal .. not sure if that is worth the complication.
• Another possible bonus would be to find the shortest way of representing a string literal (replacing some Unicode escapes by the actual characters, choosing between " and """, etc.).
• Do we want to handle multiline strings correctly? Maybe as a bonus?
• Another possible bonus would be to remove strings literals which are not passed or assigned to anything (these are often used for documentation comments) – but I'm not sure how to define that without specifying the whole grammar.

(Those have leadings space in the following lines, up to the column where the literal started, which needs to be removed when lexing. If we change the alignment of the string literal, we need to adjust those spaces too. Here it can sometimes be useful actually not include a new-line before the string to minimize that indentation.)

# Steganographic Image Encoding

Write two programs, an encoder and decoder. Score is the sum of the source in bytes.

## Encoder Specs

Input:

• a lossless 24-bit color image file
• could be anything from BMP to PNG to PPM
• an arbitrary data file
• undefined behavior if one attempts to encode a too-large file in a too-small image.
• an integer value, n, from 1 to 8, indicating the number of bits to use per subpixel.

Output:

An encoded image with the arbitrary data stored in the n least significant bits of the pixel data. The data must be stored in the pixels, i.e. not in some hidden metadata. How the data is serialized into the 3-D image space (height, width, color channel) is undefined.

## Decoder Specs

Input:

• an image produced by the encoder
• the arbitrary file's length in bytes
• the same integer value the decoder took indicating the number of bits per subpixel.

Output:

• the identical arbitrary data file as was provided to the encoder

## Requests for Comment:

• Fix n to 1?
• Encode the length/LSB's used in the image so you don't need to specify them again. (e.g. fixed format for a couple pixels to define it?) Requirement/Bonus?
• Maybe have the arbitrary data file be another image of the same dimensions, a la the Wikipedia example (cat in a tree)? That could be kinda boring though; some very simple array operations could do it all. Or that could be clever. In that case, there's necessarily data loss of the hidden image.
• If n was one and this only required an encoder, it would be the same as this, but this requires a matching decoder. One way encoding challenges I find dull.
• I'd be fine with using image libraries to load/save the image

Objective

Given a string in Markdown, determine how much of the string is in bold and italic.

Test Cases

**Bold** --> 0
*Italic* --> 0
**_BI_** --> 2
__*abcde*__ --> 5
This is in **bold and _this_ is in italic** --> 4
\**_BI_** --> 0
\\**_BI_** --> 2
This is not in ___ bold-italic ___ --> 0


Given the source code of a function or method to delete the first node having value x if existed, from a non-cyclic singly linked list, in a specific programming language. Write a program or function (not necessarily in the same language) to decide what kind of implementation it is.

You don't have to check for all the cases. But the more intelligent your code is, the better.

The possible implementations need to be checked are:

### Pointer of pointers

(Spec and examples to be added.)

(Spec and examples to be added.)

### Moving the data

(Spec and examples to be added.)

(And maybe some others.)

Possible winning criteria:

• Just .
• Something like where a submission is valid if no shorter programs can do all the things documented in the answer.

## Would someone like to write a crontab puzzle?

I have just asked for a software that displays all times at which a cronjob runs. As I think more about it, this might be a nice golfing question.

Unfortunately I'm not too familiar with the crontab specification, especially when it comes to combining operators such as

*/15,34,49-52 * * * * /path/to/command


Is that suitable for code-golf at all? If someone or a group of people would define it as a puzzle, I'd be glad to see it.

Starting point:

The program

• takes a crontab line as input
• checks if it is valid or not
• if valid, from now on lists the next execution times
• limited to a user definable amount

E.g.

program -n 10 30 17 * * *


produces 10 lines of output (assuming today is 2015-10-22 18:00)

2015-10-23 17:30
2015-10-24 17:30
2015-10-25 17:30
2015-10-26 17:30
2015-10-27 17:30
2015-10-28 17:30
2015-10-29 17:30
2015-10-30 17:30
2015-10-31 17:30
2015-11-01 17:30


# Word Game KotH king-of-the-hill

First of all, I don't know what this game is called (or if it even has a name), but it's a modification of a game I've played a few times on road trips, especially with my family. I'll be thinking of a better name.

Any suggestions at all are very welcome.

## How It's Played

There are 51 bots playing per game. At the beginning of the game, they are given a collection of letters (which is not necessarily a word), for example "a" or "jet." The bots take turns in a predetermined order. When it is a bot's turn it is passed the current word(s) and has four2 options:

1. It can change a single letter to any other letter.
2. It can add a single letter to any position in the word.
3. It can swap any two letters in the word.
4. It can split the word at any point.

If you didn't infer already, these actions are allowed with the caveat that their result is a valid word or two valid words, if the bot chooses to split. The game ends when the combined lengths of all the words in play are 3 times the length of the longest word in the dictionary used (e.g. if "onomatopoeia" is the longest word, the max length would be 36 letters since it has 12) or when only one bot remains. The bots are scored on how many turns they last*, and the winner of the game is granted a bonus3.

*The turn they lose on is not counted, so if the bot were to lose on its first turn it would have lasted 0 turns.

A word is valid if it is both in the dictionary and hasn't been played before.

Bots should take a reasonable amount of time in making their plays (no more than a few seconds).

## Available Methods

isValid(word) returns a Boolean value (whether the word is valid or not).

getDictionary() returns the entire dictionary as a single string.

getPreviousPlays() returns the words previously played as an array (one word per element).

Once any of the following methods are called, the bot's turn is over:

change(index,letter) changes the letter at that index to the letter provided. This method cannot change a space to a letter (to prevent stalling).

insert(index,letter) inserts the provided letter at the provided index.

swap(index1,index2) swaps the letters at index1 and index2.

split(index) splits the word into two by inserting a space at the specified index. Both of these words have to be valid4

If any of the calls to these methods are invalid, the bot is disqualified for that game (treated as a loss).

# Author's notes

1. Basically a random number I determined; I don't know if it's too big or small.
2. Is four too few to make this challenge interesting?
3. This bonus is undetermined as of now, but I'd say 2 points tentatively. I'm also a bit unsure as to whether that is a good scoring method. Should it just be on victories or position in victory (i.e. first, second, third, etc. place)? I'm also worried that this might encourage users to submit bots that collaborate to last as many rounds as possible.
4. Would it be more interesting if this ignored validity? e.g. if you have candies dog as the two words, splitting candies into can and dies would be valid even if either of those words had been played before.

I haven't done a KotH submission before, so I'd love feedback as to how to improve this.

## Unimplemented Portions

### Controller

This is the big unimplemented portion: I want to get feedback on the idea as a whole before diving into programming out a controller.

### Scoring

I'm still unsure as to how the games should be scored.

• I don't understand how the game starts. If I'm passed a bunch of random letters, surely the majority of the time I can't make a word and I lose immediately? – Peter Taylor Oct 24 '15 at 8:58

# Create CHIQRSX9+ Analogue Program.

Your task is to create a program in same language, that when given a CHIQRSX9+ will print a that analogue. That analogue program will do similiar thing that CHIQRSX9+ program do. There's exception though. There's may be more than 1 instruction. Then it's meant to be executed

1. C => Read until empty line and print all entered lines, including empty line.
2. H => Print "Hello, world!"
3. I => Read input until a newline then return that analogue
4. Q => Print the analogue program source code. (Not the entered one)
5. R => Read input until a newline then print that string after doing ROT-13
6. S => Read comma separated number until newline and sort that.
7. X => For this, X have undefined behavior.
8. 9 => Print 99 Bottles of beer with correct pluralization.
9. + => Increment Accumulator.

Printing instruction(C, H, I, Q, R, S, and 9) begin in a new line. After everything is printed, accumulator count is written at new line. Final newline is optional.

## Example

If there's program X written in Haskell, then

X
CH
>main=interact$(++"\nHello, world!\n0").unlines.takeWhile(/="").lines  Which when compiled (Example as W) will do that W This is a line This is another line >This is a line >This is another line > >Hello, world! >0  Another example for Q X Q >main=putStr(s++[';','s','=']++show s);s="main=putStr(s++[';','s','=']++show s)"  Yet another example X H+ >main=printStr"Hello, world!\n1"  Here is for indication of output. DO NOT print it. ## Sandboxing Question How about scoring. I want to reward short produced program. However, shorness of producing program is also counted. I guess just 10A+5B+C. Where A is length of original source code, B is length of "QQQQ" analogue program. C is length of "CHIQRS9+". • Well, please tell me what's wrong in my question? – Akangka Oct 24 '15 at 15:51 • 1. I think this is a source-source compiler, which might be a more recognisable title than "create analogue program". 2. The HQ9+ family has a very mixed reception here, so you should probably expect some downvotes. 3. Why does the scoring system include a weight for votes? – Peter Taylor Oct 25 '15 at 7:43 • 1. If it source-source compiler, Q will compiled to main=putstr"Q\n0" instead. – Akangka Oct 25 '15 at 13:10 • 2. What's wrong about HQ9+ except that it can be used to cheat at golfing. – Akangka Oct 25 '15 at 13:11 • 3. Just a tiny boost since "QQQQ" "CHIQRS9+" and original source code is already very big. Wait I'm writing it wrong. It must be subtraction. Else it will be penalty – Akangka Oct 25 '15 at 13:12 • Is that vote annoying? – Akangka Oct 26 '15 at 8:05 • Congrats on posting the 1600th answer in the Sandbox! – mbomb007 Oct 27 '15 at 15:57 Goal The goal is to stitch several ordered lists of numbers into a single list that contains each of those lists as a contiguous sublist, with the numbers in the same order without gaps. The resulting list should be as short as possible. Input n ordered lists of numbers between -2^63 and 2^63-1 Ouput A minimum-length list so that each input list appears within that list with its elements in the same order without gaps Example Input: [1, 2, 3] [3, -38, 23424, 292] [0, 1, 2] [-38]  Output: [0, 1, 2, 3, -38, 23424, 292]  The output contains each of the input lists: [0, 1, 2, 3, -38, 23424, 292] [1, 2, 3] [3, -38, 23424, 292] [0, 1, 2] [-38]  • Many languages have built-ins both for flattening a list of lists and for removing duplicates, giving them a straightforward solution. I think that makes this too easy overall. The removing duplicates part is like this challenge, though it uses characters and requires preserving order. – xnor Oct 30 '15 at 21:26 • But it is not only about removing duplicates, but also about finding the perfect combination of lists, so you have to figure out in which order you want to put the input lists together. Also it might be necessary to have duplicates in the output to be able to have all input lists in there. – Nitek Oct 31 '15 at 7:13 • Oh, my mistake, I didn't realize the lists had to appear as contiguous subsequences. Let me edit that to try to make it clearer. – xnor Oct 31 '15 at 7:18 • Out of curiosity, I found notes about this as an algorithmic problem, and it's NP-hard, so solutions are going to be exponential time. It would do good to include some test cases that a greedy algorithm would get wrong. – xnor Oct 31 '15 at 7:29 • Looks like we already have this challenge. – xnor Oct 31 '15 at 8:53 • Good catch. It's indeed the same problem. Thanks for pointing that out! – Nitek Oct 31 '15 at 9:03 # Hello, World! Fitted in cases. Your task is to take a line of input and print Hello,world! multiple times fitted to length of input. The cases of that character is fitted to input in same position(except shifted from deletion). If the corresponding character is non-alphabeth, you must use default case(lowercase except for "h" that is uppercase). And for punctuations, if the corresponding character is not punctuation, it will deleted. And if the corresponding character is space, the the ouput is space but it doesn't skip the "Hello,world" writing. ## Example Hello, world! Hello, world!  About punctuation deletion and space insertion I have a dog. I name it Underdog. H ello w orld H ello wo Rldhellow  Explanation Ihaveadog.InameitUnderdog. Hello,worlD!hello,world!hellow Helloworld!hello,World!hellow HelloworldHello,wOrld!hellow HelloworldHellowoRld!hellow HelloworldHellowoRldhellow  Other examples .....&^&%&*%&(&)^$#()&#()&@#)*%)#1-
Hello,world!Hello,world!Hello,world

UPPERCASES
HELLOWORLD

lowercases
helloworld

Abdeg,fGhiJ.
Hello,wOrlD!


## Example Program

Here is ungolfed version of example program in Python. If there is error, correct me.

p=readline()
h="Hello, world"
i=0
k=""
for a in xrange(len(p)):
if p[a]==" ":
k=k+" "
continue
if isUpper(p[a]):
if isAlpha(h[i]):
k=k+upper(h[i])
i=i+1
continue
if isLower(p[a]):
if isAlpha(h[i]):
k=k+lower(h[i])
i=i+1
continue
k=k+h[i]
i=i+1


## Sandbox Question

This language is surely need to be fixed.

# How am I doing?

My boss is a flashy sort of fellow. He likes all things animated.

He's asked me to write a progress bar to show the completeness of our super-secret project.

Now with me being me, I'm getting you to write this for me and showing the best one to my boss.

• Output a progress bar to stdout.
• Whenever a newline is sent to stdin, increase the percentage on the percentage bar by 1%
• If not already enabled and if possible in your language, set the terminal mode to non-echoing (stdin doesn't automatically get shown, think like when your typing in your password for sudo)
• You may not assume the cursor is in a certain position, it must produce a progress bar relative to where you started the program (no absolute jumps)

To help you, you may use ANSI escape codes, ANSI colour codes and any UTF-32 unicode points.

The winner is the entry with the most upvotes.

### Sandbox Notes:

• Is this too broad? - I'm sticking to ANSI only but I'm not saying anything else about what it looks like.
• Anyone care to say why this is worth a downvote? – Blue Nov 2 '15 at 17:12
• Popularity contests tend to attract them (even the good ones). – trichoplax Nov 3 '15 at 19:47
• This doesn't seem very tightly defined. Generally, the broader a popularity contest is, the more I expect it to gather downvotes. – trichoplax Nov 3 '15 at 19:48
• Also, a simple requirement means most of the popularity of an answer will come from optional extras rather than meeting the spec. See the line between art and programming for other's thoughts on this. – trichoplax Nov 3 '15 at 19:50
• Thanks for the link, I think I'll just let this question die here (I'm not sure if I should delete it or not, I'm going with not deleting it unless someone else says otherwise) – Blue Nov 3 '15 at 19:57
• I usually delete my challenges once I know for certain I will not post them, but for ones I (or someone else) might be able to salvage in future I leave them around. – trichoplax Nov 3 '15 at 19:59
• I don't think this one is ready for main, but remember that here (as on main) a lone downvote doesn't really mean anything. It could be anyone for any reason - rational or otherwise. – trichoplax Nov 3 '15 at 20:00

# Kaprekar Transformation

Kaprekar Transformation is an transformation a number by following that instruction:

1. Take n-digit integer.
2. Sort it anscending and descending.
3. Subtract the largest number and smallest number.

Your program have to do this:

1. Take 1 number, x.
2. Output all possible cycle and fixnums for doing repeated x-digit Kaprekar Transformation on all possible input. Rotation is considered same. So it is invalid to print:

[00],[09,81,63,27,45],[81,63,27,45,09]

The output is a list consisting of list representing the cycle. You may using any style of list and even intermix it with restriction that it should not be ambigous. For example, comma separated item with item using comma separated item with enclosing bracket is OK, but not comma separated item with item using comma separated item without enclosing bracket.

Example:

8
>[00000000],[43208766,85317642,75308643,84308652,86308632,86326632,64326654],[63317664],[64308654,83208762,86526432],[97508421]


Or

>[00000000],[[43208766,85317642,75308643,84308652,86308632,86326632,64326654],[63317664],[64308654,83208762,86526432],[97508421]]

• I'm afraid this is a duplicate: codegolf.stackexchange.com/q/2762/8478 ... also, for future reference, requiring one specific list format is bound to put an arbitrary set of languages at a massive advantage (those which can just use their native string format), while all others may have to do some non-trivial string processing which distracts from the (interesting) core of the challenge. – Martin Ender Nov 2 '15 at 12:56
• @MartinBüttner No, it is the generalization. You have to handle arbitrary digit this time. And you have to detect cycle and find all cycle given a digit. Btw, there is typo. 2 39 is different example. – Akangka Nov 2 '15 at 13:04
• Task one seems to be identical. The fact that the other challenge only has to work with 4-digit numbers doesn't seem substantial. I'm pretty sure almost any answer there can be adapted to a variable number of digits in a couple of bytes. As for Task 2, I did overlook that. You could simply reduce the challenge to just task 2 (I'm not even sure why you'd combine two independent tasks into a single challenge?). Even task 2 can be solved by simply looping the solution to task 1 over all possible X-digit numbers, but there might be other ways to golf this one. – Martin Ender Nov 2 '15 at 13:07
• @MartinBüttner Then, why it isn't duplicate of codegolf.stackexchange.com/questions/1255/hitting-495-kaprekar ? – Akangka Nov 2 '15 at 13:14
• Because it has been overlooked, I suppose. Fixed. – Martin Ender Nov 2 '15 at 13:15
• @MartinBüttner Maybe add time limit make this different enough. – Akangka Nov 2 '15 at 13:15
• I don't know. Since you have to output the entire list anyway, there is not much you can optimise beyond actually applying the transform until you hit a cycle. If you limited the challenge to the second task, a time limit might make more sense, but then again the second task might be different enough not to be a duplicate in the first place. – Martin Ender Nov 2 '15 at 13:17
• @MartinBüttner Then remove task 1 and it won't be duplicate? And add speed limit. – Akangka Nov 2 '15 at 13:29
• I don't even think a time limit is necessary for part 2. – Martin Ender Nov 2 '15 at 13:30
• @MartinBüttner Is Task 1 still have to deleted. And please, don't discuss in the Chat, because I can't access that. Better use my email: christianirwanhw@gmail.com – Akangka Nov 2 '15 at 13:57
• As I said above, I don't see why you would want to squeeze both tasks into a single challenge in the first place. (How would you score answers? Sum of the two solutions?) And if you split them up, then the first answer is certainly a duplicate, but the second is fine (and if you didn't split them up, I don't see why you'd redo the same challenge as part of another challenge either). – Martin Ender Nov 2 '15 at 13:59
• The cycle identification is borderline duplicate of codegolf.stackexchange.com/q/26578/194 – Peter Taylor Nov 2 '15 at 14:32

# Show How a Regex Is Matched

What your program or function should do:

1. Accept input of two strings; let's call them r and s.
2. Determine whether r is a valid regular expression (you can use any common definition of regex for this purpose, or any common definition of regexes but with lookahead and lookbehind removed; indicate which you're using). Otherwise, don't output.
3. If so, determine whether s matches r as a regex. Otherwise, don't output.
4. If so, output/print, in order, the part of r matched by each character of s, and also the part of s that matches it.

Note: You may use your language's regex-matching library for this.

Example:

Using PCRE; my inputs and outputs are r first and then s.

^.el*(o.*)*d\b and Hello, world!
^.ello......d\b and Hello, world

.\1\W and 800-555-1212
..\W and 00-

\b and a
\b and empty string

\d and a
no output (it doesn't match)

First floated in chat.
Not a dupe of Compile Regexes (which asks you to match regexes whereas this allows you to use the resources of your language to do so).

• 1. It sure looks like a dupe to me: what's your argument for it not being a trivial transformation of the previous question? 2. In your examples, you seem to try to draw a distinction between outputting the empty string and not outputting anything. How does that work? 3. What exactly is the output format? E.g. the first example and the second example don't seem to be consistent in their treatment of metacharacters. – Peter Taylor Nov 5 '15 at 22:49
• @PeterTaylor 1. It's not a dupe at all: the older question asks you to match regexes whereas this allows you to use the resources of your language to do so; also, the older question outputs a means of determining matching, without regard to how it's matched, whereas this requires an output of the latter. 2. This question is OBE because of the edit I'm doing to fix #3. 3. Yeah, I messed up an example: I'll fix that immediately. – msh210 Nov 5 '15 at 23:05
• 1. With respect to the second half, see "simple transformation". But the first half is relevant, and worth editing in to the "Not a dupe" sentence. 3. I still can't figure out the output format from the examples. Obviously you want to ensure that it's not as trivial as asking the regex engine for group 0, but I think you need to first write a clear spec for the output and then write the examples (or, better, write a reference implementation to generate the examples). – Peter Taylor Nov 6 '15 at 7:27
• @PeterTaylor, yeah, I'll have to work on it some more. If anyone else has ideas, please chime in! – msh210 Nov 6 '15 at 9:24

# Python assembler

Python is a hybrid interpreted language. It first gets compiled into byte-code and then gets interpreted.

What does this byte-code look like you may ask? The dis module disassembles python code. Source code for dis module here

print "Hello, World!"


Gets disassembled into the following assembly.

  1           0 LOAD_CONST               0 ('Hello, World!')
3 PRINT_ITEM
4 PRINT_NEWLINE
8 RETURN_VALUE


The output is divided in the following columns:

1. the line number, for the first instruction of each line

2. a labelled instruction, indicated with >>,

3. the address of the instruction,

4. the operation code name,

5. operation parameters, and

6. interpretation of the parameters in parentheses.

The disassembly of a basic for loop

for i in range(10):
print i


gives

  1           0 SETUP_LOOP              25 (to 28)
9 CALL_FUNCTION            1
12 GET_ITER
>>   13 FOR_ITER                11 (to 27)
16 STORE_NAME               1 (i)

22 PRINT_ITEM
23 PRINT_NEWLINE
24 JUMP_ABSOLUTE           13
>>   27 POP_BLOCK
31 RETURN_VALUE


Given some python code that has been disassembled, recreate the original code object as close as you can. You can take the disassembled code through any method you chose.

Your program will output all the arguments to recreate a python code object

That is to say your program will output the following

0,
0,
nlocals,
stacksize,
0,
codestring,
consts,
names,
varnames,
"a string here",
"another string here",
0,
lnotab,
(),
()


You can work out the variables listed above but you have to output it all, even the constants.

• nlocals - The number of local variables
• stacksize - The maximum number of values held on the stack at once
• codestring - A binary containing all the opcodes and their arguments
• consts - A tuple of constants
• names - A tuple of global variables
• varnames - A tuple of local names (length of nlocals)
• lnotab - A tuple containing a map of bytecode positions to line numbers

You may use the following code to disassemble a .pyc file:

import sys, dis, marshal

with open(sys.argv[1], "rb") as code_f:
code_f.read(8) # Magic number and modification time
dis.dis(code)


This is code-golf, the shortest code in bytes wins

## Sandbox notes

Wow that was a long one. Perhaps too long?

Is the spec completely tight?

Should I explain anything further?

Am I making it too hard for non-python entries to take part?

Should I only make it a requirement to reassemble code without any functions/classes? I'm pretty sure dis doesn't show all that.

• For one thing, yes this looks very hard for non-Python entries to me. For another, I think there's too much going on at once (there's a lot to output), and you don't explain much about how to output each specific component (ideally the post should be self-contained enough to work out what to do without knowing too much about Python/dis) – Sp3000 Nov 9 '15 at 15:41

# Vigenère Cipher

Write a program that is capable of breaking a text encyripted using Vigenère cipher encyription.

### Goals:

• Take encripted text from STDIN and write plaintext to STDOUT.

### Limits

• Keyword will always be 3 letters in length.
• Plaintext will always be in between 5-10 letters in length (inclusive).
• All Plaintexts, Keywords and Encyripted Texts will be in English.

### Scoring:

This is a . Shortest code in bytes wins.

I'm not sure if this is a valid and solvable question, so any suggestions are welcomed.

• Dupe – Mego Nov 10 '15 at 18:19
• I'm not sure this can actually be done without having a big dictionary for such a short piece of text. (Also, what does "encrypted texts will be English" mean?) – Paŭlo Ebermann Nov 15 '15 at 15:01
• @PaŭloEbermann It means they will only contain english characters, no special letters from other languages. – goodguy Nov 15 '15 at 15:12
• Then write "consist of the letters A-Z" instead (or similar if you allow spaces and punctuation – though that needs more specification). – Paŭlo Ebermann Nov 15 '15 at 15:14
• For Vigenere, in general you can either try a "plaintext dictionary attack" (which means you'll have a list of valid plaintext words, like in the question linked by Mego – that would be a plain duplicate), or you try analysis of character frequencies or repetitions, which need a lot longer ciphertext in order to analyze anything useful. (Or you just output all possible plaintexts, and let the task of recognizing the correct one to some human.) – Paŭlo Ebermann Nov 15 '15 at 15:19

# List Style Converter

[code:golf]

Given a list, format it into list of the choice of the input. The list will be list of item defined below, but it can be multidimensional.

## List Styles

There is 2 list separators:

1. Space
2. Comma

For one dimensional list, only one separator is accepted. Space and only space between item is considered as separator. It is impossible to have more than 2 dimension without enclosing list of second dimension or third dimension. when parsing list, comma takes lower precedence and it is parsed with least dimension as possible. Space is optional between ] with [; } with {; and ) with (

There is 3 list enclosure:

3. [...]

4. (...)
5. {...}

Closing bracket must be present.

## Item

There is 2 types of item, another list or those following regex [0-9a-zA-Z]* or everything enclosed with single quote or double quote. If enclosed with single quote, it can contains double quote and vice versa. There is no zero-length item

Here is valid non-list item

98Az
Helloworld
"Hello, world!"
"It's house."


Here is the list

Hello, World!
Space then it is list
()


Here is invalid item.

# Winner

The winner is the one with the fewest bytes of code that produces the correct output.

• In the example output, I'm not sure why for the first input the output is newline-separated, but for the second it's space-separated. I also don't understand the second paragraph in the section "The environment". – Peter Taylor Nov 27 '15 at 21:30
• @PeterTaylor In quiddler you can have multiple words per possible solution. I'll add a second example to demo. – HSchmale Nov 27 '15 at 21:53
• So is this basically a variant on Countdown where the dictionary is amplified by including its Cartesian power? – Peter Taylor Nov 28 '15 at 8:08
• @PeterTaylor: Pretty much, except I did not know that existed. Also, for each answer you can only use each answer once. – HSchmale Nov 28 '15 at 16:43

# Ancient Language Translator

<insert a silly story here>

Write a program that takes an English sentence and translates it into the Ancient Language. You have to implement at least 42 words. For the purpose of this challenge, you do not have to care about special rules such as "(may be shortened to al when used as a prefix, as in albitr)".

## Input:

An English sentence.

## Output:

A translated version of the input, simply replace the English words with the Ancient ones.

## Scoring:

Suggestions?

• This might be considered as too broad as there is no specific words to implement. For scoring a code-challenge might work with the score being something like the sum of the length of all words implemented. code-golf might also work. Kind of related challenge. The title is also possibly misleading, so I'd suggest putting "Ancient Language" in quotes – Downgoat Nov 29 '15 at 16:55
• I think this would be uninteresting just because it's just replacement, not actual translation. – cat Nov 30 '15 at 3:07
• @sysreq Translating English into the "Ancient Language" is just replacement as far as I know... – Stefnotch Nov 30 '15 at 17:24
• @Downgoat Oh, ok! So, what words should have to be included? A selection of) the most common words: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Most_common_words_in_English – Stefnotch Nov 30 '15 at 17:26

The goal of this challenge is to complete a list of consecutive nested header numbers when given a start and an end. When given 1.1.1 and 1.1.5 you should generate 1.1.1, 1.1.2, 1.1.3, 1.1.4, 1.1.5

Specific Rules

1. Your entry must take in a start, end, and multiple optional range parameters. Parameters can be taken form STDIN (or nearest equivalent) or a file.
2. Your entry may assume valid input
3. Input will be of the following format:
1. start and end will be strings of . delimited integers of the same length
2. start and end will have three segments; (1) set values, (2) iterator, (3) trailing values.
• The iterator is the first value which differs between start and end.
• The set values are the values before the iterator. These values never change
• The trailing values are the values after the iterator. These values iterate up as determined by the range parameter(s). All trailing values will be 1.
3. range will be a list of integers with a length corresponding to the number of trailing values. When there are no trailing values, range is not specified. The value of range corresponding to each trailing value determines the inclusive upper bound which that entry iterates to.
4. Output will be to STDOUT (or closest alternative) and will show each value separated by at least one delimiter. Delimiter can by any character or string of characters, but it must be consistent. Output must be sorted correctly

Examples

start = '1.1.5.1', end = '1.1.6.1', range = [5]
Output: 1.1.5.1, 1.1.5.2, 1.1.5.3, 1.1.5.4, 1.1.5.5, 1.1.6.1
^
previous value is iterated
only when iterating value
limit set by range

start = '1.1.5.1', end = '1.1.7.1', range = [5]
Output: 1.1.5.1, 1.1.5.2, 1.1.5.3, 1.1.5.4, 1.1.5.5, 1.1.6.1,
1.1.6.1, 1.1.6.2, 1.1.6.3, 1.1.6.4, 1.1.6.5, 1.1.7.1

start = '1.5.1.1', end = '1.6.1.1', range = [5,2]
Output: 1.5.1.1, 1.5.1.2, 1.5.2.1, 1.5.2.2, 1.5.3.1, 1.5.3.2,
1.5.4.1, 1.5.4.2, 1.5.5.1, 1.5.5.2, 1.6.1.1


This is code golf so shortest code by bytes wins.

Bonuses

1. Allow trailing values to be values other than 1 in end parameter - 12.5% off
2. Handle incorrect number of values in range parameter - 12.5% off
3. Handle end less than start by producing list in reverse - 50% off

# Count the Connect Four Positions

Connect Four is a two-player game on a rectangular board. The board is m spaces wide and n spaces tall, and players alternate placing pieces in columns. A placed piece always fills the lowest empty space in a column, and a player may not move in a full column. In the standard game, m=7 and n=6.

The game ends when one player completes a row of four pieces vertically, horizontally, or diagonally, or all m columns are full. The edges of the board do not wrap.

## Challenge

Write a program or function to determine the number of distinct, legal m by n Connect Four boards after p plies. (A ply is one move by one player.) A legal position is one reachable from the empty board through a sequence of moves in which no player had already won. (A position in which one player has just won is legal.)

## Rules

You may assume that 0<=p<=m*n, m<=8 and n<=8.

As usual, hardcoding is not allowed.

Your code should be at most 1024 bytes in length, and use at most 16 GB of memory.

Related: Determine winner of Connect 4

# Compile from Brainfuck

The professors at Brainfuck University realized their jobs are horrible, because all they do is discuss quantum mechanics using Brainfuck, so they decided to take their programs and compile them to a better language. Because of the randomness of quantum particles, their program needs to be small so it has a smaller chance of being disrupted in the Higgs Field.

Your task is to get a Brainfuck program from any input and output that program transcompiled into another language. Here is an example:

++-->><<

Compiles to the C program:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

int main(int argc, char **argv) {
unsigned char *cell = calloc(30000, 1);
unsigned char *cells = cell;
if (!cell) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error allocating memory.\n");
return 1;
}
//actual program
++*cell;
++*cell;
--*cell;
--*cell;
--cell;
--cell;
++cell;
++cell;

free(cells);
return 0;
}


## Score

### Bonuses

• Dupe – Mego Dec 5 '15 at 9:55

Logic Puzzle Solver/Inference Engine

Your goal is to take the clues and other facts given in a grade-school logic grid puzzle such as these and solve the puzzle. To keep things simple, your program will only solve specific logic problems about which it can make the assumptions you wish to hard-code in, but the program need not perform any checks to see if those assumptions can be made.

You may not use:

• A declarative language
• Any function provided - by an external dependency - for the solving of a logic puzzle.

Input

Your program will take input from the command line. After gathering assumptions, the program will ask for facts written as such:

subject.verb object


for all true facts. For false facts:

!subject.verb object


Chad.bought donuts


If he didn't:

!Chad.bought donuts.


If Nancy's last name isn't Wesley,

!Nancy.is Wesley.


Output

Your program will output its conclusions as such:

subject verb object.


So, if your program determines that Chad bought donuts and Nancy's last name is Wesley, then it will output:

Chad bought donuts.

Nancy's last name is Wesley.

• The "these" link goes to a login page. I'm not going to create an account on some random site just to find out what the spec is. – Peter Taylor Dec 15 '15 at 22:24
• "You may not use a declarative language" :-( – Fatalize Dec 16 '15 at 12:59
• Does "is" always refer to someone's last name? If not, how can our code know the difference between Nancy.is Wesley and Nancy.is chef? – Luke Dec 16 '15 at 14:49

New user to Programming Puzzles!

I would like a king of the hill challenge for bots playing the game of spades. Spades is a card game. The rules are shown on wikipedia.

Scoring rules:

• Nils allowed, with 50 points for completion (not 100). -50 for losing.
• 10 points a hand, with sandbagging allowed.
• Partnership Playing
• Sum of all four players hands cannot equal 13!

Winner is first to 500 points. The bot will be paired with all other bots entered into the competition. The pair of winners will be crowned with +10 meta-points (Mpoints), losers will get -1 Mpoints. Whoever has the most Mpoints wins - ties based upon sum of points earned in the games.

Gameplay:

• The bot with the lowest Mpoints bids first. Bidding proceeds from down until reaching 4th slot, then goes back to first slot and continues. Play starts with this player.
• The bot will be given a string of cards - AS for Ace of Spades, JC for Jack of Clubs, 2D for 2 of Diamonds, 8H for 8 of hearts, randomly dealt from a single 52-card deck. Each will be comma separated: AS,JC,2D,8H,4C,5S,8D,3D,3S,JS,10S
• The bot will get the bids from the other bots before making the bid.
• Upon winning a hand, the bot gets to continue making plays until someone else wins the hand.
• Hands are scored at the end using the scoring rules. If a team's score is less than 500, gameplay continues with a new hand.

Unfortunately, I do not know how to setup the servers or any of that stuff. I just think the challenge will be interesting. If anyone can help with that, run with it. I like to watch these challenges unfold - but I'm too much of an engineer and not enough of a programmer to make these kinds of programming happen.

• You should fully list out the rules in the body of the question - it's considered poor form for challenges to require exterior resources to be fully understood. – Mego Dec 22 '15 at 22:56